Italy is one of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world and its wines are widely exported around the world. Wine grapes are grown in almost all of Italy's regions with over one million vineyards under cultivation. Italy's Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MIPAAF), has documented over 350 grapes and granted them "authorized" status.

Among the appellations most appreciated and sought after by wine lovers around the world are Barolo, Barbaresco, and Brunello di Montalcino.